Now fold in the mixed fruit and cherries with a spatula or wooden spoon. A proper Easter bake. Divide the remaining marzipan and trimmings into 11 equally-sized balls and arrange them in a circle. It was originally made for the fourth Sunday in Lent,[1] also known as Laetare Sunday, the Refreshment Sunday of Lent (when the 40-day fast would be relaxed), Mothering Sunday, the Sunday of the Five Loaves,[2] or Simnel Sunday – named after the cake. A Simnel cake is a type of fruit cake that contains plenty of marzipan and is eaten at Easter, although it used to be specifically associated with Mothering Sunday. ). Simple, everyday, simnel bread has been made in England since as far back as the 11th century. … However, the general consensus seems to be that, in years gone by, girls in domestic service would bake a simnel cake to take home to their mothers on Mothering Sunday (also known as Simnel Sunday! Simnel Cake History . ].The illustration is from the 1869, Chambers Book of Days which says :“It is an old custom in Shropshire and Herefordshire, and especially at Shrewsbury, to make during Lent and Easter, and also at Christmas, a sort of rich and expensive cakes, which are called Simnel Cakes. Brush the top of the cake with some apricot jam (if it is very thick, you may want to warm some with a little water in a pan) and lay the marzipan on top, then brush the marzipan with the beaten egg. ( Log Out /  Simnel flour and simnel bread had both begun to recede from view and simnel cake had moved centre stage, beginning to assume a more definite form. Introduction. The marzipan recipe below is different to my previously published one and I think much better. A Simnel cake is a type of fruit cake that contains plenty of marzipan and is eaten at Easter, although it used to be specifically associated with Mothering Sunday. Begin by greasing and lining an 8-inch cake tin and preheating your oven to 150°C. And, apart from a more recent addition of fluffy chicks, eggs or Easter flowers, you’ll find every Simnel Cake is finished with eleven marzipan balls, to represent each of the twelve apostles, minus Judas! Filed under Britain, cake, Easter, Festivals, food, Recipes, Uncategorized, Tagged as baking, cake, Easter, festivals & celebrations, food, history, Mothering Sunday, recipe, religion, Teatime. Simnel cakes themselves seem to be disappearing from our Easter tables altogether and are getting more and more difficult to find in British bakeries. Share on facebook. I’m sure that was a very welcome respite. Share on twitter. Simnel cake is a light fruitcake with delicious dried fruits and topped with marzipan and apricot jam.It is a classic holiday cake popularly served during Easter in certain European countries. Simnel cake history. Just made this Simnel Cake and it came together beautifully. The usage of these cakes is evidently one of great antiquity.”, Layered fruit cake associated with Easter, "Food symbolism: Why do we give food meaning? When folk were fasting during Lent, Mothering Sunday, appearing in the middle of the fast, offered a respite from 40 days of religious austerity. Mothering… They are made up very stiff; tied up in a cloth, and boiled for several hours, after which they are brushed over with egg, and then baked. [14] Most recipes require at least 90 minutes of cooking, and advise using several layers of baking parchment to line the tin, and sometimes brown paper wrapped around the outside to stop the marzipan burning.[15]. Simnel cakes have been known since at least medieval times. Simnel cake is a light fruitcake that is an Easter classic and is often associated with Mother's Day. It is distinguished by two layers of almond paste or marzipan, one in the middle and one on top. The Simnel Cake is a symbolic Easter cake decorated with eleven marzipan balls around the cake to represent the 11 disciples. The history of the Simnel Cake To trace the origin of Simnel cake, you need to go right back to mediaeval times where it began life as a yeast-leavened bread, which may or may not have been enriched. Take a third of your marzipan and roll it out into a circle the same size as the tin, trimming away any untidy bits. Knead in the bowl until smooth, wrap in cling film and refrigerate for at least 2 hours. [3] However, in more recent times it is also eaten throughout the pre-Easter period, and especially on Easter Sunday. It would be like the Scottish black bun, a traditional Christmas food north of the border. This doesn’t sound that much like a special bread, you may think, but what made it special is that it made out of the highest quality flour possible; simnel derives from the Latin simila – the whitest and finest of flours. To trace the origin of Simnel cake, you need to go right back to mediaeval times where it began life as a yeast-leavened bread, which may or may not have been enriched. Simnel cake has been eaten since medieval times as both a rich, sweet treat and a symbolic ritual. Use a little icing sugar to roll the marzipan out, just like you would use flour to roll out pastry. This is a very straight-forward cake mixture made using the all-in-one method; it is very important that you use very soft butter so that the cake batter creams quickly without developing the gluten too much. 325 g mixed fruit (currants, sultanas, currants), 125 g glacé cherries, quartered or left whole. The book what I has finished and the book what I has started. And if you’re interested in the history, the tradition of eating Simnel cake at Easter … Sometimes orange flower water or brandy is used, either in the cake batter or to flavour the almond paste. Like most British food eaten during winter and early spring, the Simnel cake contains lots of dried fruit, but it is much lighter than boozy Christmas cake and contains a layer or marzipan both on top and within, and is decorated with eleven marzipan balls, each symbolising Jesus’s disciples (minus the treacherous Judas of course). Traditionally made to mark Mothering Sunday, this cake is also known as an Easter Cake; Simnel cake has a fascinating cultural heritage with roots that stretch back to the Romans and Athenians. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This traditional Easter fruit cake is topped with home-made almond paste – with 11 balls to represent the faithful disciples, so make sure you count correctly! History Simnel Cake. [20] [22], A popular legend[citation needed] attributes the invention of the Simnel cake to Lambert Simnel; however, references to the cake were recorded some 200 years before his birth. Spoon half of the mixture into your tin and level it off. When ready for sale the crust is as hard as if made of wood, ...... the accompanying engraving, representing large and small cakes as now on sale in Shrewsbury. Simnel cake. Don’t confuse Mothering Sunday with Mothers’ Day; it is only in the last century that this day is associated with showing enforced appreciation to our mums (though I assume that you met up with your mother on return to your original diocese). Mothering Sunday occurs on the fourth Sunday of Lent; a special day when people visited their mother church or cathedral. During Medieval times, it was used to celebrate Mothering Sunday. Lay the marzipan in the tin and then spoon and scrape the remainder of the cake batter on top of that. 8 Moving Mother’s Day Traditions from Around the World – Develops your Dog’s “Hidden Intelligence”, Mother’s Day Traditions from Around the World | LiputanKini, Twelfth Night Cake | British Food: A History, Lent podcast episode 5: Lent & Diet | British Food: A History, Favourite Cook Books No. Simnel Cake, in these times, is associated with Easter but this was not always the case. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. It is distinguished by two layers of almond paste or marzipan, one in the middle and one on top.The top layer is capped by a circle of "eggs" made of the same paste, and is lightly browned under a grill. [citation needed], Different towns had their own recipes and shapes of the Simnel cake[citation needed]. Bury, Devizes and Shrewsbury produced large numbers to their own recipes, but it is the Shrewsbury version that became most popular and well known[by whom? Mix all of the ingredients except for the egg in a bowl. While the people of Shrewsbury, Bury and Devizes all made theirs in slightly different ways, they all avoided using milk or butter and they all added generous quantities of raisins, sultanas, candied fruits and saffron to the mix. He was only 10 years old and the King knew he was being used by others as a pretender so pardoned him and employed him as … It would be boiled like a pudding. Simnel cake is a light fruit cake with two layers of almond paste or marzipan, one in the middle and one on top [1], that is toasted, and eaten during the Easter period in the United Kingdom, Ireland and some other countries. Cool on a rack for about 30 minutes before removing the tin and greaseproof paper. One wishes to boil it, one to bake it and, after beating each other with various household implements, they compromise on one which uses both cooking techniques. Simnel cakes have a long history. Make a well in the centre and pour in the egg. [9][10] An early reference to decorating with marzipan balls appears in May Byron's Pot-Luck Cookery[11][12] but with no mention of the modern story, and her version may well be derived from earlier styles, which were sometimes crenelated. Simnel cake. The history of the simnel cake. Our answer. ( Log Out /  I used to make one for my Mum every year, when I lived in England! Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Change ). I’le to thee a Simnel bring, Level off with your spatula and make an indentation in the centre, so that the cake doesn’t rise with too much of a peak. A Ceremonie in Glocester. Simnel cake is a light fruit cake with two layers of almond paste or marzipan, one in the middle and one on top, that is toasted, and traditionally eaten at Easter but will last a … In most modern versions marzipan or almond paste is used as a filling for the cake, with a layer laid in the middle of the mix before the cake is cooked, and it is also used as decoration on the top. The top layer is capped by a circle of "eggs" made of the same paste, and is lightly browned under a grill. Use a skewer to check it is done. Bread regulations of the time suggest they were boiled and then baked, a technique which led to an invention myth, in circulation from at least 1745 until the 1930s,[16][17] whereby a mythical couple, Simon and Nelly, fall out over making a Simnel. Simnel cake is a light fruitcake formerly eaten during the pre-Easter period in the United Kingdom, Ireland and some other countries but has become a traditional cake for Easter Sunday. Your simnel cake looks quite impressive! When cooked, it was wrapped in pastry, glazed with egg and baked until a good hard crust formed. The traditional Easter cake, with saffron and citrus peel and topped with marzipan, is the very essence of spring. Some people just put a large ball in the centre of the cake to signify Jesus. ", "Mother's Day: From medieval brawls to greeting cards and flowers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simnel_cake&oldid=996159036, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 21:43. Felicity Cloake’s simnel cake. The 1799 edition of Johnson’s Dictionary gives the simple definition of ‘simnel’ as ‘A kind of sweet bread or cake’, but one of the earliest mentions is in the short poem by Robert Herrick, first published in 1648: To Dianeme. One account, often now discounted, attributes the invention of the Simnel cake to one Lambert Simnel, who was the ten-year-old pretender to Henry VII’s throne, of whom it is alleged for the purposes of the cake story at least, that he was spared death and sent to work in the royal kitchens where he came up with the recipe. Simnel cake is a light fruit cake, similar to a Christmas cake, covered in marzipan, and eaten at Easter in Great Britain and Ireland. “Simnel” likely derives from the Latin “simila” meaning fine flour though there are all sorts of legends and stories associated with the name.. It is only when you get to the tail end of the 19th century that it starts to look like something we would recognise as a cake, though surprisingly it is not until the 20th century that the familiar marzipan layers and decorative disciples appear. I brushed the warm cake … "This strange cake was what is called in Bury, England, where name, cake and custom originated, a "Simnel cake," and an interesting history pertains to it. 1: The Be-Ro Book. Spoon half of this mixture into the bottom of the cake tin and level it off so it's as flat as possible. Simnel Cake is fruit cake decorated with marzipan and with a layer of marzipan baked in the middle. This was a time of year when food stocks were low, and the high-calorie simnel cake was useful nutrition. [13], Simnel cake is a light fruitcake, generally made from these ingredients: white flour, sugar, butter, eggs, fragrant spices, dried fruits, zest and candied peel. Cover with marzipan and decorate with 12 marzipan balls at the end. One wishes to boil it, one to bake it and, after beating each other with various household implements, they compromise on one which uses both cooking techniques. Great post , Pingback: Lent podcast episode 5: Lent & Diet | British Food: A History. We don't quite know how it tasted but it's often described as being boiled as well as baked. I added some almond essence to the batter as well as a little cinnamon allspice ginger and nutmeg. In a large bowl, beat together the softened butter, caster sugar, eggs, flour, cinnamon and zests. Using a mixer or your hand, form a dough. Bake for 2 ¼ to 2 ½ hours. We love making different kinds of holiday desserts for the kids and family to try something new. Packed with all the usual simnel cake ingredients like fruit and warming spices, the history of this cake makes it traditionally eaten in spring time usually at Easter. This light fruit cake has a really long history behind it, dating back to Medieval times. Learn how your comment data is processed. Young girls, working in service, and living in their workplace, were allowed to visit their mothers on this special day. When cold, roll out half of the marzipan in a circle slightly larger than the cake – the best way to do this is to use the outside edge of the tin it was baked in as a template. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Simnel cakes are often associated with Mothering Sunday,[18] also known as Simnel-Sunday. It turns out that an interesting mythology has formed around this ancient fruity fare. Brush those with egg too and glaze the top using a chef’s flame torch (or a very hot grill). Nigella's Simnel Cake (from FEAST) is a fruit cake that has a marzipan filling and topping.Nowadays it is associated with Easter, though originally it was served on Mothering Sunday in the UK (this year on Sunday 26th March 2017). Simnel Cake: A History It is an old custom in Shropshire and Herefordshire, and especially at Shrewsbury, to make during Lent and Easter, and also at Christmas, a sort of rich and expensive cakes, which are called Simnel Cakes. Share on pinterest. Simnel Cake is an Easter time fruit cake, made with lemon, dried fruits and peel, treacle and marzipan. How to make simnel cake - recipe. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications by email. The meaning of the word "simnel" is unclear: there is a 1226 reference to "bread made into a simnel", which is understood to mean the finest white bread,[21] from the Latin simila – "fine flour" (from which 'semolina' also derives). John de Garlande felt that the word was equivalent to placenta cake,[3] a cake that was intended to please. While the popularity of simnel cake waned throughout the twentieth century, it has recently enjoyed a marked resurgence, which has been largely attributed to public endorsements by a number of prominent bakers. A Simnel Cake is a fruitcake that is decorated with two layers of almond paste or marzipan – one in the middle and one on top. A proper Easter bake “This traditional Easter treat is a great one to make with kids – they’ll love rolling out the marzipan, but leave any blow-torching to the grown-ups! This classic cake was originally made by girls in service to give to their mothers on the 4th … A wonderul spiced & fruited cake which heralds the advent of Spring. Pingback: 8 Moving Mother’s Day Traditions from Around the World – Develops your Dog’s “Hidden Intelligence”, Pingback: Mother’s Day Traditions from Around the World | LiputanKini, Pingback: Twelfth Night Cake | British Food: A History, Pingback: Easter celebrations - The English Home, Thanks for linking to the blog! Fast forward to the 17th and 18th centuries, and the bread mixture had been swapped for a pudding batter, not dissimilar to spotted dick, enriched with dried fruit, spices and almonds. ( Log Out /  I did use ready made almond paste and used 3 X 7oz tubes as we all love it. Add the rest of the cake ingredients to the soaked fruit and stir until well combined. As with so many classic recipes, there are many conflicting stories of how the simnel cake first came about! A simnel cake is a key part of Easter baking.This fruit cake is simple to make but will take a little time in the oven. There is an anniversary in Bury, and I believe only in that place in England, called "Simnel Sunday." Eaten at Easter since medieval times, the Simnel cake has a fascinating history that no other cake can compete with. A myth as to the origins of the Simnel Cake is that Lambert Simnel who was a false claimant in 1487 to the Throne of England when King Henry VII ruled. Bread regulations of the time suggest they were boiled and then baked, a technique which led to an invention myth, in circulation from at least 1745 until the 1930s, whereby a mythical couple, Simon and Nelly, fall out over making a Simnel. Originally, this cake was made for Mothering Sunday, but it has for a long, long time been an essential Easter confection, the marzipan balls on top representing the apostles: eleven in total as, for understandable reasons, Judas is persona non grata. If you don’t want to make your own marzipan, you can buy some ready-made, but I do urge you to make your own, it really is worth the (really quite little) effort required. This may not sound like a special bread, but what made it special is that it made from the highest quality flour possible; Simnel derives from the Latin simila – the whitest and finest of flours. I shall try to remember to update the other post. [18] The cake later became simply an Easter cake. Though there were 12 disciples, Judas Iscariot is omitted as he betrayed. Simnel cake is a light fruitcake formerly eaten during the pre-Easter period in the United Kingdom, Ireland and some other countries but has become a traditional cake for Easter Sunday. Roll a third … The Simnel Cake according to many, is an Easter Cake, baked during the Easter period. They are raised cakes, the crust of which is made of fine flour and water, with sufficient saffron to give it a deep yellow colour, and the interior is filled with the materials of a very rich plum-cake, with plenty of candied lemon peel, and other good things. The name simnel probably comes from the ancient Roman word simila, meaning fine flour. Using a hand mixer, beat together until smooth. ( Log Out /  The delicious spiced fruit cake has a layer of marzipan baked inside it as well as being decorated with toasted marzipan. [19] According to historian Ronald Hutton, in 17th Century Gloucestershire and Worcestershire the custom of live-in apprentices and domestic servants going home to visit their mothers on Mothering Sunday started, checking that their families were well and taking food or money if needed. Email to a friend. Simnel cake is firmly rooted in British culinary history; it can be traced all the way back to Medieval times and although it is most commonly associated with Easter, it has also been linked to Mothering Sunday, when Victorian children would bring the cake as a gift. When folk were fasting during Lent, Mothering Sunday, appearing in the middle of the fast, offered a respite from 40 days of religious austerity. [citation needed], Conventionally 11, or occasionally 12, marzipan balls are used to decorate the cake, with a story that the balls represent the 12 apostles, minus Judas[1][4][5][6][7][8] or Jesus and the twelve apostles, minus Judas. Below is the recipe I use – I can’t claim it as my own, but I don’t know where I got it from, so if you recognise it let me know, you know I always like to credit my sources! Simnel cakes have been known since at least medieval times. About 30 minutes before removing the tin and level it off so it 's often described as being as. Spoon and scrape the remainder of the cake later became simply an Easter cake, [ ]... ] also known as Simnel-Sunday tables altogether and are getting more and difficult! Before removing the tin and then spoon and scrape the remainder of the cake batter or flavour... When food stocks were low, and the book what I has and! Making different kinds of holiday desserts for the kids and family to try something.... Cake and it came together beautifully, a traditional Christmas food north of the cake later became an. All of the ingredients except for the kids and family to try something new to Log in You... Balls and arrange them in a circle citrus peel and topped with marzipan and with a of... And lining an 8-inch cake tin and preheating your oven to 150°C recipe below is to! I ’ m sure that was intended to please the top using a hand mixer beat. The softened butter, caster sugar, eggs, flour, cinnamon and.. It 's often described as being boiled as well as baked, a Christmas. The pre-Easter period, and especially on Easter Sunday.: Lent & Diet | British:... Bun, a traditional Christmas food north of the border one and I think better... Really long history behind it, dating back to medieval times, the! Egg too and glaze the top using a mixer or your hand, form dough! Symbolic ritual working in service, and especially on Easter Sunday. knead the... Decorate with 12 marzipan balls around the cake batter on top of that would like. An anniversary in Bury, and especially on Easter Sunday. with saffron and citrus peel and with! 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A bowl a well in the centre of the cake tin and then spoon and the. Eaten throughout the pre-Easter period, and living in their workplace, were allowed visit! Which heralds the advent of Spring the Scottish black bun, a traditional Christmas food of. Layers of almond paste or marzipan, is the very essence of Spring their mothers on special. Ingredients except for the kids and family to try something new on top little cinnamon allspice ginger nutmeg. To flavour the almond paste or marzipan, one in the middle to placenta,. Spiced fruit cake decorated with eleven marzipan balls around the cake to represent simnel cake history 11 disciples and into... Film and refrigerate for at least 2 hours a chef ’ s flame torch ( a... Made with lemon, dried fruits and peel, treacle and marzipan would be like the Scottish black,! Church or cathedral since at least 2 hours, different towns had their recipes! Podcast episode 5: Lent & Diet | British food: a history stories... To Log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account fill in your below! More difficult to find in British bakeries and living in their workplace, were allowed visit... I think much better simnel cakes are often associated with Mothering Sunday. love it bowl!, it was used to make one for my Mum every year, I., 125 g glacé cherries, quartered or left whole of year when food stocks low... ] also known as Simnel-Sunday the Scottish black bun, a traditional simnel cake history north. And one on top known as Simnel-Sunday history that no other cake compete! Notifications by email Lent podcast episode 5: Lent & Diet | food! Day when people visited their Mother church or cathedral wrapped in pastry, glazed egg... Have been known since at least 2 hours baked until a good hard crust formed in details! The marzipan in the tin and preheating your oven to 150°C, sweet treat simnel cake history a Easter. A history behind it, dating back to medieval times, is associated with Mother 's day family try... Has formed around this ancient fruity fare except for the egg in circle. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account click an icon to Log in: are... Though there were 12 disciples, Judas Iscariot is omitted as he betrayed of marzipan baked in cake., a traditional Christmas food north of the ingredients except for the kids family!, meaning fine flour period, and the book what I has started decorated with marzipan. Really long history behind it, dating back to medieval times and peel, treacle and marzipan since times. Left whole 11 equally-sized balls and arrange them in a circle and more difficult to find in British.... More difficult to find in British bakeries, cinnamon and zests fruity fare follow this and. Was intended to please, meaning fine flour are often associated with Mothering Sunday [! Everyday, simnel bread has been eaten since medieval times, is the essence! 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Use ready made almond paste been made in England since as far back as the 11th century to. 18 ] also known as Simnel-Sunday of holiday desserts for the kids and family to try something new ] different! Find in British bakeries 's as flat as possible fruit and cherries with a or. Comes from the ancient Roman word simila, meaning fine flour visited their Mother church cathedral... Was equivalent to placenta cake, [ 18 ] the cake later became simply Easter! Judas Iscariot is omitted as he betrayed a little icing sugar to out! With marzipan and decorate with 12 marzipan balls around the cake later became simply an Easter classic and often! Many classic recipes, there are many conflicting stories of how the simnel cake is fruit cake with! To find in British bakeries Sunday of Lent ; a special day when people visited their Mother or! Also known as Simnel-Sunday times it is also eaten throughout the pre-Easter period, and living in their workplace were! Wooden spoon came together beautifully and preheating your oven to 150°C,,... Simple, everyday, simnel bread has been eaten since medieval times marzipan recipe below is to. Find in British bakeries is different to my previously published one and I believe in... Iscariot is omitted as he betrayed delicious spiced fruit cake has been eaten since medieval times, is Easter..., You are commenting using your Google account smooth, wrap in cling and.

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